What is Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy?

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy originally described in the early 1980’s is the process by which sound waves are concentrated unto a kidney stone, and cause break up of that kidney stone in to small and passable pieces. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy is the procedure on which the field of endourology started its subspecialty branch from urology. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy is generally very effective is breaking stones that have a diameter less than 2.5 cm in the kidney and less than one cm in the ureter. It may not work as well on harder stones or on cystine stones.

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